UNKNOWN PATTERNS ON THE STONES OF MALTESE MEGALITHIC TEMPLES

Seglins, V.; Kukela, A.; Lazdina, B.
Abstract:
Maltese megalithic temples are well known in the world as an outstanding prehistoric cultural heritage. Many of these ancient sites nowadays are included in the World Heritage List of UNESCO. These temple complexes have been built over a wide period of time - between ca. 3600 BC and 700 BC. They have been archaeologically studied several times and the most important temples have been reconstructed, which allows describing the prehistory of Malta rather completely. The significant value of these temples is in their remarkable dimensions, which allow these temples to be identified as building complexes. Almost all of these ancient temples were built in several stages and the traces of creation and reconstruction of these temples already in prehistoric times are still recognizable. It allows us to study and analyse in detail the results of local innovation in a process of cultural evolution. However, much less attention so far has been paid to the stone material used in the construction of Malta's megalithic temple complexes. Our study performs an examination of individual elements in two megalithic temples of Ggantija historical phase – Mnajdra and Ggantija temples. Current research enabled us to identify even more ancient stone material used in the construction of the Ggantija temple. In turn, the studies at Mnajdra temple revealed peculiar ornament formed of decorative drilled holes on the surface of the megalithic stones recognizable as well-developed pattern design.
SGEM Research areas:
Year:
2019
Type of Publication:
In Proceedings
Keywords:
prehistory; stone processing; drilled decoration; Mnajdra temple; Ggantija temple
Volume:
6
SGEM Book title:
6th SWS International Scientific Conference on Arts and Humanities ISCAH 2019
Book number:
1
SGEM Series:
SWS International Scientific Conference on Arts and Humanities - ISCAH
Pages:
175-182
SGEM supporters:
Bulgarian Acad Sci; Acad Sci Czech Republ; Latvian Acad Sci; Polish Acad Sci; Russian Acad Sci; Serbian Acad Sci & Arts; Slovak Acad Sci; Natl Acad Sci Ukraine; Natl Acad Sci Armenia; Sci Council Japan; World Acad Sci; European Acad Sci, Arts & Letters; Ac
Period:
26 August – 1 September, 2019
ISBN:
978-619-7408-90-4
ISSN:
2682-9940
Conference:
6th SWS International Scientific Conference on Arts and Humanities ISCAH 2019, 26 August – 1 September, 2019
DOI:
10.5593/SWS.ISCAH.2019.1/S07.024
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