ENHANCING CULTURAL COMPETENCE IN INTERPRETING – CULTURAL DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THE UNITED KINGDOM AND SLOVAKIA

Welnitzova, K.; Jakubickova, B.
Abstract:
Cultural competence of interpreters (understanding and explaining different cultural settings during interpreting) can be improved by the study of cultural similarities and cultural differences. Nowadays, English is one of the most frequent foreign languages to interpret from/into in Slovakia. That is why we decided to describe manners of communication and summarize significant non-verbal (and marginally verbal) characteristics of the selected English-speaking countries – the United Kingdom, the United States and Canada – and Slovakia. We gathered and analyzed information in the context of Hofstede?s Cultural Dimensions Theory. We found out that cultures using the same language (or belonging to the same language family), score similarly in Hofstede?s dimensions and they are alike in many aspects. Due to a high score in Power Distance dimension, some people in Slovakia understand and accept hierarchy in the society. On the contrary, English-speaking countries – who score a lower score in this dimension – believe that inequalities amongst people should be minimized. They do not highlight personal achievements, and they do not pay much attention to academic titles. Instead, they address people by their first names and make the atmosphere more personal and informal. The article aims to help interpreters to understand behaviour and the way of communication of their speakers and listeners from the mentioned countries and thus to understand their motivation which is mainly given by their cultures.
SGEM Research areas:
Year:
2020
Type of Publication:
In Proceedings
Keywords:
cultural competence in interpreting; culture of English speaking countries; culture of Slovakia; differences; Hofstede?s model
Volume:
7
SGEM Book title:
7th SWS International Scientific Conference on Arts And Humanities - ISCAH 2020
Book number:
1
SGEM Series:
SWS International Scientific Conferences on ART and HUMANITIES - ISCAH
Pages:
199-206
Publisher address:
51 Al. Malinov blvd, Sofia, 1712, Bulgaria
SGEM supporters:
SWS Scholarly Society; Acad Sci Czech Republ; Latvian Acad Sci; Polish Acad Sci; Russian Acad Sci; Serbian Acad Sci & Arts; Natl Acad Sci Ukraine; Natl Acad Sci Armenia; Sci Council Japan; European Acad Sci, Arts & Letters; Acad Fine Arts Zagreb Croatia; C
Period:
25-27 August, 2020
ISBN:
978-619-7603-00-2
ISSN:
2682-9940
Conference:
7th SWS International Scientific Conference on Arts And Humanities - ISCAH 2020, 25-27 August, 2020
DOI:
10.5593/sws.iscah.2020.7.1/s26.24
Hits: 440