RUSSIAN STYLE: FROM CREATION TO VIRTUAL RECONSTRUCTION. ON THE CENTENARY OF FEDOROVSKY GORODOK IN TSARSKOYE SELO

Sopronenko, L.; Korpan, L.; Lavrov, A.; Balkanskii, A.
Abstract:
The article is devoted to the role of the Russian style in Russian art history. Russian style is discussed as an example of national historicism. The main features and attributes of Russian style and their expression in architecture, art and design are described. Stages of Russian style development are described, including “Society for the Revival of artistic Russia” as the most completed stage of Russian style concept forming. The idea of recreating the image of Holy Russia was supported by state. Fedorovsky (Russian) Gorodok in Tsarskoye Selo was constructed as an Emperor Country Residence. Fedorovsky Gorodok is the most striking example of architectural and artistic complex of early XX century, created in the National style. It possess specific architectural and planning solutions, repeating the ancient Russian fortress – kremlin – scheme. The ancient Russian architecture forms were reconstructed in the civil architecture with the help of new construction technologies. Fedorovsky Gorodok buildings are discussed as a visualized history of Russian architecture of XII – XVII centuries. It was created by architects S.S. Krichinsky, V.V. Suslov, P.P. Pokrishkin and artists N.K. Roerih, V.M. Vasnetsov, G. Pashkov. The Refectory building is the most representative part of Fedorovsky Gorodok. It is discussed as a presentation of the motives of Russian XVI – XVII century’s architecture and painting. The artistic embodiment of traditional Russian ideas about the World Order is impressed in plan and volume-spatial solutions of the building, as well as the combination of New Testament and Old Testament motifs with Russian pre-Christian mythological and poetic images. The article also describes the Soviet period attitude to the Russian style, the XX century history of the Fedorovsky Gorodok and modern state of the Refectory building. Virtual reconstruction was the only way to make the lost monument visible. Specific problems of the interior virtual reconstruction are discussed, including ways of complicated vaulting geometry reconstruction. Usage of the virtual reconstruction for students – future restores is also discussed. An interactive application, that allows seeing different color schemes for the Refectory interiors, was created.
SGEM Research areas:
Year:
2017
Type of Publication:
In Proceedings
Keywords:
history of architecture; history of Russia; Russian style; multimedia; virtual reconstruction; digital Heritage; world cultural Heritage
Volume:
17
SGEM Book title:
4th International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM2017, www.sgemvienna.org, SGEM2017 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-96-4 / ISSN 2367-5659, March 28-31, Book5, Vol.1, 261-268 pp, DOI:10.5593/SGEMSOCIAL2017/
Book number:
5.1
SGEM Series:
International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts-SGEM
Pages:
261-268
Publisher address:
51 Alexander Malinov blvd, Sofia, 1712, Bulgaria
SGEM supporters:
Bulgarian Acad Sci; Acad Sci Czech Republ; Latvian Acad Sci; Polish Acad Sci; Russian Acad Sci; Serbian Acad Sci & Arts; Slovak Acad Sci; Natl Acad Sci Ukraine; Natl Acad Sci Armenia; Sci Council Japan; World Acad Sci; European Acad Sci, Arts & Letters; Ac
Period:
4th International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM2017
ISBN:
978-619-7105-96-4
ISSN:
2367-5659
Conference:
4th International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM2017, www.sgemvienna.org, SGEM2017 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-96-4 / ISSN 2367-5659, March 28-31, Book5, Vol.1, 261-268 pp, DOI:10.5593/SGEMSOCIAL2017/HB51/S17.032, 4th International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM2017
DOI:
10.5593/SGEMSOCIAL2017/HB51/S17.032
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