ADVANCES IN DENTAL MATERIALS THROUGH NANOTECHNOLOGY. A REVIEW

  • Duta, M.
Abstract:
Introduction: Management of the health of oral tissues is a main prerequisite in dentistry. Nanotechnology, an emerging interdisciplinary field with rapid development, has become one of the most favoured technologies in dental applications. This review aims at defining the role and potential of bio-nanomaterials in dental medicine. It describes the basic concept of nanomaterials, latest innovations in nanomaterials and their applications in dentistry. Materials & methods: To validate these issues, current literature on the latest improvements in nanomaterials and nanotechnology applied to various disciplines of dentistry, patent literature and related marketed products were critically reviewed; focusing on the use of nanomaterials for improving the quality of oral care. An electronic scientific database research that included PubMed, Cochrane and Medline was conducted. The following keywords were used: nanotechnology; dentistry; oral health care. Case reports, clinical trials, editorials and opinion letters were excluded of my research. Results: It can be seen that nanotechnology has been used in dentistry, particularly in the development of restorative materials. A range of synthetic nanoparticles such as hydroxyapatite, bioglass, zirconia, restorative cements and silver nanoparticles are proposed for dental restoration. To date, the most considerable contribution of nanotechnology to dentistry is the more augmented restoration of tooth structure with nanocomposites. Other areas offer significant promise, particularly in the prevention and treatment of oral biofilms. Conclusions: The substantial contribution of nano-dental materials is the identification of oral health related problems by better diagnosis and management of dental disorders by bio-nanomaterials, therefore improving the oral health care of patients and their quality of life.
SGEM Research areas:
Year:
2019
Type of Publication:
In Proceedings
Keywords:
dental materials; nano-diagnostics; nano-biotechnology; oral health care.
Volume:
6
SGEM Book title:
6th SWS International Scientific Conference on Social Sciences ISCSS 2019
Book number:
3
SGEM Series:
SWS International Scientific Conference on Social Sciences - ISCSS
Pages:
377-382
SGEM supporters:
Bulgarian Acad Sci; Acad Sci Czech Republ; Latvian Acad Sci; Polish Acad Sci; Russian Acad Sci; Serbian Acad Sci & Arts; Slovak Acad Sci; Natl Acad Sci Ukraine; Natl Acad Sci Armenia; Sci Council Japan; World Acad Sci; European Acad Sci, Arts & Letters; Ac
Period:
26 August – 1 September, 2019
ISBN:
978-619-7408-93-5
ISSN:
2682-9959
Conference:
6th SWS International Scientific Conference on Social Sciences ISCSS 2019, 26 August – 1 September, 2019
DOI:
10.5593/SWS.ISCSS.2019.3/S12.049
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