ARCHITECTURAL FORMS BASED ON THIN CURVED SLABS

  • Dumitrescu, C.
  • Giurea, D.
  • Anghel, A. A.
Abstract:
The paper deals with the topic of architectural forms which are made of thin curved slabs, very often used in contemporary architectural creation, with an emphasis on the unfoldable surfaces class. Throughout the present work, there are highlighted various formal categories that may appear, spatial compositions and planar representation methods, both in epure and in axonometric projection which aims to establish the theoretical framework for this type of architectural approach. The graphic geometrical studies complement the stated theory and, thus, underlining their flexibility in the architectural design process. All thin curved surfaces have numerous applications in the construction technique by rationally using the materials they are made of for covering large areas of a variety of architectural functions. For a viable and feasible design, the choice of these forms will be made particularly taking into account their mode of behavior under load. The stability issue becomes essential. In order to be able to generate an architecture using these forms, we must keep in mind the importance of close collaboration between the architect and the structural engineer. In this regard, the paper illustrates some of the most successful achievements in the world. In the final part of the paper, several student works are presented which were developed in the practical disciplines from the early years of studies at the Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism from Timisoara, Romania. The main objective of this type of exercises was to explore form finding strategies in order to generate shapes which are able to accommodate a variety of functions. Moreover, these exercises are aimed towards training the students' spatial visualization and stimulating their interest in using these complex geometries
SGEM Research areas:
Year:
2016
Type of Publication:
In Proceedings
Keywords:
architecture; spatial forms; geometry; generator; directrix.
Volume:
16
SGEM Book title:
3rd International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM2016, Vienna Extended Session
Book number:
4.2
SGEM Series:
International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts-SGEM
Pages:
73-80
Publisher address:
51 Al. Malinov blvd, Sofia, 1712, Bulgaria
SGEM supporters:
SWS Scholarly Society; Acad Sci Czech Republ; Latvian Acad Sci; Polish Acad Sci; Russian Acad Sci; Serbian Acad Sci & Arts; Natl Acad Sci Ukraine; Natl Acad Sci Armenia; Sci Council Japan; European Acad Sci, Arts & Letters; Acad Fine Arts Zagreb Croatia; C
Period:
06-09 April, 2016
ISBN:
978-619-7105-54-4
ISSN:
2367-5659
Conference:
3rd International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM2016, Vienna Extended Session, 06-09 April, 2016
DOI:
10.5593/SGEMSOCIAL2016/HB42/S07.010
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