ARCHITECTURE OF HYDRO POWER PLANTS IN POMORZE

  • Macikowski, B.
Abstract:
The history of the energetic use of the rivers in Pomerania (Pomorze) is traced from the late Middle Ages1. Their potential due to geographical specificity of the region was still attractive in the era of electricity in the 19th and the first half of the 20th century. Configuration of the terrain, geological and natural restrictions, but mainly the energetic potential of particular localization was crucial for the economic success of the investments of various scales. On the one hand we can find examples of micro power plants realized by private investors, often as the adaptations of old mills. On the other hand there were complex establishments built, which demanded the involvement of private and public financial sources. Among them we can find spectacular, large scale interventions, which brought significant changes to the natural flow of the rivers and surrounding landscape. Pomeranian power plants, in the majority, are still in use. In many cases they are kept in their original state, also with all technical arrangements like turbines, generators and other equipment that are still working as they were in the beginning of the 20th century. They are a kind of “living museum”, which illustrates the process of development in technology and the history of energy production. Pomeranian power plants were a kind of test field of diverse solutions accustomed to the diversity of local geographical conditions. They were realized not only in a time of dynamic development in technology, but also during a time of dynamic architectural changes. Sometimes a few years’ time gap within the realization period of a particular object is strongly visible not only in architectural style, but also in the architectural form so dependent on quickly changing technological solutions. In Pomerania we can find a wide illustration of architectural changes caused by the revolution of Modernism. We can also find a wide spectrum of investments from small power plants in adopted historical mills to big investments consisting of complex infrastructure spread along the rivers over the distance of dozens of kilometers. The cascades of power plants, weirs, dams and derivation systems show the specific coexistence of landscape and industrial architecture.
SGEM Research areas:
Year:
2016
Type of Publication:
In Proceedings
Keywords:
industrial architecture; architecture of hydropower plants; history of industrial architecture
Volume:
16
SGEM Book title:
3rd International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM2016, Vienna Extended Session
Book number:
4.2
SGEM Series:
International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts-SGEM
Pages:
89-96
Publisher address:
51 Al. Malinov blvd, Sofia, 1712, Bulgaria
SGEM supporters:
SWS Scholarly Society; Acad Sci Czech Republ; Latvian Acad Sci; Polish Acad Sci; Russian Acad Sci; Serbian Acad Sci & Arts; Natl Acad Sci Ukraine; Natl Acad Sci Armenia; Sci Council Japan; European Acad Sci, Arts & Letters; Acad Fine Arts Zagreb Croatia; C
Period:
06-09 April, 2016
ISBN:
978-619-7105-54-4
ISSN:
2367-5659
Conference:
3rd International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM2016, Vienna Extended Session, 06-09 April, 2016
DOI:
10.5593/SGEMSOCIAL2016/HB42/S07.012
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