ARCHITECTURAL FABRIC OF 16TH CENTURY THESSALONIKI

  • Cirpi, M. Ezel
  • Cincin, S. Kaplan
  • Erdogan, N.
Abstract:
Port city of Thessaloniki, since its foundat ion in 316 BC, has sustained its prestige as an important commercial and settlement center and has developed under the regime of different empires such as Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman. The city served under the Ottoman Empire from 1430 to First Balkan War in 1912. During the Ottoman period, Thessaloniki?s Turkish Muslim population has grew. By the start of the 16th century, the boundaries of the Muslim neighbourhoods came to be the largest within the city while the Christian neighbourhoods around important Byzantine monuments started to shrink and shatter. Principal groups of 16th century Thessaloniki, Turkish, Rum and Jewish populations, had settled in different quarters of the city. Thus, the urban fabric of Turkish, Rum and Jewish neighbourhoods were affe cted by the cultural, social, economic, and religious aspects of their communities. The architectural fabric of 16th century Thessaloniki mainly consisted of the residential fabric with public and religious buildings. This urban settlement in Thessaloniki existed until the start of the 20th century. The Muslim neighbourhoods which were the major part of the urban fabric were given form by the traditional Ottoman architecture. As a consequence of the cultural, religious and social aspects of the Muslim folk? s lifestyle, every neighbourhood gathered around a central mosque. New mosques were constructed or converted from churches to fulfill the needs of the Muslim neighbourhoods. In addition to mosques, madrasa and bath structures were built for the daily needs of the public. These artifacts make up the major part of the Ottoman architectural heritage and their remains are the main source of information about the social and architectural character of the period. Thus, in this paper the neighbourhood map of Thess aloniki of 1525 will be analyzed in terms of Thessaloniki?s neighbourhood and architectural fabric in 16 16th century and the architectural artifacts of this period will be inspected together with their present state. This paper is based on the book: ? Kultur Kopruleri 1. Selanik ve Kavala Bolgelerinde Osmanl? Turk Mimari Miras??.
SGEM Research areas:
Year:
2016
Type of Publication:
In Proceedings
Keywords:
Thessaloniki; Ottoman Monumental Buildings; Neighborhoods
Volume:
16
SGEM Book title:
3rd International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM2016
Book number:
4.3
SGEM Series:
International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts-SGEM
Pages:
237-244
Publisher address:
51 Al. Malinov blvd, Sofia, 1712, Bulgaria
SGEM supporters:
SWS Scholarly Society; Acad Sci Czech Republ; Latvian Acad Sci; Polish Acad Sci; Russian Acad Sci; Serbian Acad Sci & Arts; Natl Acad Sci Ukraine; Natl Acad Sci Armenia; Sci Council Japan; European Acad Sci, Arts & Letters; Acad Fine Arts Zagreb Croatia; C
Period:
24-30 August, 2016
ISBN:
978-619-7105-78-0
ISSN:
2367-5659
Conference:
3rd International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM2016, 24-30 August, 2016
DOI:
10.5593/SGEMSOCIAL2016/B43/S15.029
Hits: 93