LEGAL AND PRACTICAL CHALLENGES OF THE REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA IN APPLYING THE CONSTITUTIONAL PRINCIPLE OF PRESUMPTION OF INNOCENCE

SHASIVARI, J.
Abstract:
In this paper the author deals with the legal and practical analysis of the constitutional principle of presumption of innocence in the Republic of Macedonia. The presumption of innocence is a universally accepted human right that prohibits guilty plea to the accused. The presumption of innocence enables the accused to have an active role in the judicial process. It is the obligation of the public prosecutor to prove the guilty of the accused, not the obligation of the accused to prove his/her innocence. Only the court is the body that on the basis of fair trial can say whether the citizen is guilty or not. The obligation of the accused to prove his innocence is contrary to the spirit of a democratic order and in this case the presumption of innocence constitutes a central basis for the recognition and preservation of human dignity over the arbitrariness of the state power. The social stigma and the psychological harm suffered by a person accused in criminal proceedings made the presumption of innocence to be decisive for a society devoted to justice. Disrespecting this principle can lead to chaotic injustice. If we put things back, everyone would be guilty until proven innocence. In this paper, the author also reflects the scientific discussion on this principle that is currently being conducted in the Republic of Macedonia, because, although, at first glance, this constitutional principle can be perceived as easily applicable, but within, it includes one set of elements, the cause that, the conceptualization of this principle within the constitutional legal order, its harmonization with international legal instruments and its practical and effective observance are one of the main challenges of RM. The constitution of the country regulates this principle in the following way: a person indicted for an offence shall be considered innocent until his/her guilt is established by a legally valid court verdict. A person unlawfully detained, apprehended or convicted has a right to legal redress and other rights determined by law. No person may be punished for an offence which had not been declared an offence punishable by law, or by other acts, prior to its being committed, and for which no punishment had been prescribed. No person may be tried in a court of law for an offence for which he/she has already been tried and for which a legally valid court verdict has already been brought. Therefore, here lies the importance of this paper, since, according to the application and respect of this principle, the rule of law and democracy in one state can be legitimized.
SGEM Research areas:
Year:
2018
Type of Publication:
In Proceedings
Keywords:
the Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia; the Principle of presumption of innocence; the Right to a fair trial; the Rule of Law; Personal freedoms and rights.
Volume:
18
SGEM Book title:
5th International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM 2018
Book number:
1.2
SGEM Series:
International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts-SGEM
Pages:
615-622
Publisher address:
51 Alexander Malinov blvd, Sofia, 1712, Bulgaria
SGEM supporters:
Bulgarian Acad Sci; Acad Sci Czech Republ; Latvian Acad Sci; Polish Acad Sci; Russian Acad Sci; Serbian Acad Sci & Arts; Slovak Acad Sci; Natl Acad Sci Ukraine; Natl Acad Sci Armenia; Sci Council Japan; World Acad Sci; European Acad Sci, Arts & Letters; Ac
Period:
26 August – 01 September, 2018
ISBN:
978-619-7408-62-1
ISSN:
2367-5659
Conference:
5th International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM 2018, 26 August – 01 September, 2018
DOI:
10.5593/sgemsocial2018/1.2/S02.081
Hits: 122