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CITIZEN’S ATTITUDES TO CORRUPTION: PRACTICE OF THE RUSSIAN MEGALOPOLISES

Menshenina, N.
Abstract:
Background: The main goal of this article is the study of the citizen’s attitudes to corruption in Russian megalopolises as a problem of the human resources quality development. On the one hand we have got an information about level of negative citizen’s attitudes to corruption, but on the other hand there is opportunity to give them some rules to prevent from to be corruptors. Therefore, there is one of the channels for quality development of socially responsible members of society. Methods: The author have described citizen’s perceptions of corruption in correlation with the certain urban circumstances and conditions. Particular attention has been paid to the issue of citizen’s confidence to the state and municipal authorities in connection to the anti-corruption behavior, gender attitudes to corruption, level of tolerance to corruption. The author used comparative and sociological (including expert interview) methods. Results: Goal achievement allows to: 1.determine the qualitative characteristics of the citizen’s attitudes to corruption in the Russian megalopolises; 2.understand the factors of the different kind citizen’s attitudes to corruption; 3.identify the necessity of anti-corruption measures that could minimize the influence of corruption on the state system and the civil society. Conclusions: 1.Vladivostok citizens perceive corruption not only as illegal “shadow” activities aimed at the public official’s appropriation of corporate opportunities. They define it as the activity of public officers and their clients aimed at obtaining material and non-material gains and benefits. 2. The anti-corruption measures should include the improvement of the legislation, the introduction of public integrity measures, the withdrawal of immunity of public officers and the establishment of the stricter control over public authorities, as well as reducing the level of the state’s interference in business activities and introducing the programs of education in law for general public.
SGEM Research areas:
Year:
2017
Type of Publication:
In Proceedings
Keywords:
corruption; attitudes; expert interview; anti-corruption behavior.
Volume:
17
SGEM Book title:
4th International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM 2017
Book number:
2
SGEM Series:
International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts-SGEM
Pages:
43-50
Publisher address:
51 Alexander Malinov blvd, Sofia, 1712, Bulgaria
SGEM supporters:
Bulgarian Acad Sci; Acad Sci Czech Republ; Latvian Acad Sci; Polish Acad Sci; Russian Acad Sci; Serbian Acad Sci & Arts; Slovak Acad Sci; Natl Acad Sci Ukraine; Natl Acad Sci Armenia; Sci Council Japan; World Acad Sci; European Acad Sci, Arts & Letters; Ac
Period:
24 - 30 August 2017
ISBN:
978-619-7408-14-0
ISSN:
2367-5659
Conference:
4th International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM 2017, 24 - 30 August 2017
DOI:
10.5593/sgemsocial2017/12/S01.006
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