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INSIDE THE COBWEB OF CALCULATIONS, COEFFICIENTS, HIDDEN PURPOSES AND FEARS: ROMANIAN ELECTORAL LAW FROM MARCH 1926 IN THE VIEW OF THE MAIN POLITICAL PARTIES

Herta, A. A.
Abstract:
The present contribution aims to provide a fresh look at the short-term impact of a revolutionary and highly controversial political and juridical innovation: the Romanian electoral reform from March 1926. With the help of the sources from the epoch (archive documents, parliamentary debates, press articles, memoirs), I restored the decisive stage of the debates on this bill, I examined the main problems raised on this subject, and I recovered the most important contemporary perspectives – from authorities and from the main opposition parties. Romanian electoral system proposed in 1926 had an unusual algorithm for allocation of seats that provided at least 70% of the mandates in the Assembly of Deputies to the party ranked first in the elections that obtained at least 40% of the votes. It was an inequitable formula. The governing political force, the National Liberal Party, saw this reform as a juridical instrument for generating absolute one-party majorities, for maintaining political stability, and for controlling the whole political system in a subtle manner. The People’s Party had an ambiguous attitude. The other opposition forces (the Romanian National Party, the Peasants´ Party, and the ethnic minorities´ political representatives) recognized in Romanian voting formula introduced in March 1926 an adaptation of Acerbo method, the first Italian electoral system adopted under Mussolini`s regime. This is the reason why they were extremely discontented, accusing authoritarian tendencies.
SGEM Research areas:
Year:
2017
Type of Publication:
In Proceedings
Keywords:
interwar Romania; Romanian Electoral Law from March 1926; Acerbo Law; political parties
Volume:
17
SGEM Book title:
4th International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM 2017
Book number:
2
SGEM Series:
International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts-SGEM
Pages:
101-108
Publisher address:
51 Alexander Malinov blvd, Sofia, 1712, Bulgaria
SGEM supporters:
Bulgarian Acad Sci; Acad Sci Czech Republ; Latvian Acad Sci; Polish Acad Sci; Russian Acad Sci; Serbian Acad Sci & Arts; Slovak Acad Sci; Natl Acad Sci Ukraine; Natl Acad Sci Armenia; Sci Council Japan; World Acad Sci; European Acad Sci, Arts & Letters; Ac
Period:
24 - 30 August 2017
ISBN:
978-619-7408-14-0
ISSN:
2367-5659
Conference:
4th International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM 2017, 24 - 30 August 2017
DOI:
10.5593/sgemsocial2017/12/S01.013
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