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TRANSITION TO TRANSFORMATIONAL LEADERSHIP IN EDUCATION
The article focuses on the applicability of transformational leadership in the educational field. It analyses the evolution of the concept and its relationship with transactional leadership, as well as a series of related concepts, such as charismatic leadership. The effects of transformational leadership on aspects with direct implications on the success of school institutions, such as the psychological well-being of the teaching staff, are considered. Given the role of the human resource in education, the influence of the leader's traits (personality traits, emotional intelligence) on the adoption of transformational practices is also discussed. In education, transformational leadership practices are mediated by the characteristics of the leader (e.g. experience, beliefs, and values), the local context and the particularities of the teaching staff (e.g. formal and informal teachers education, educational policies, opinion of the local communities). The expected results in terms of new teaching practices or restructuring of the teaching process are also influenced by factors such as teachers' commitment and organizational culture.
Through its effects on the employees (e.g. professional development, efficiency gains, innovation stimulation), organizational climate (e.g. psychological security and well-being) and other leadership practices (e.g. augmentation of transactional leadership), the transformational leadership is of particular importance in the educational field