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HALLOWEEN IN BORDERLAND: THE SPECIFICITY OF PERCEPTION IN LATGALE REGION (LATVIA)
Festivities are one of the most stable forms of spiritual culture, which nowadays undergo significant transformations: the spectrum of festivities, their functions, traditions, the attitudes of people and their knowledge about the festive culture are changing. The influence of western European festivities is another significant trend that has become evident in contemporary Latvia.
The research analyses the specificity of the perception of Halloween in the south-eastern region of Latvia Latgale (the major object of the research). Taking into account the multinational and multi-denominational structure of the population in Latgale, as well as its status as a borderland phenomenon, this research is of a particular importance for determining the transformations of modern festive culture. In order to provide an accurate analysis of the specific character of the regions culture, the data from a similar survey conducted in the Pskov Region in Russia (the minor object of the research) have been employed.
The aim of the research to analyse the perception of Halloween in Latvia, choosing Latgale region as a major object of the research.
The tasks include: 1) describing interpretations of Halloween in local periodicals and among the Latgale population; 2) summarizing the attitudes of the Latgale population towards this festivity; 3) determining to what extent this perception process is influenced by the main demographic indicators (gender, age, ethnic origin, level of education, marital status, number of children in the family, and place of residence); 4) comparing the perception of Halloween in Latgale with the perception in the Pskov Region.
The research methods: survey, quantitative and qualitative processing of data, comparative method.
The research performance indicators: 810 questionnaires, 68 interview records, 19 publications available in the local periodicals.