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HERITAGE SCIENCE SYNERGY BETWEEN HUMANITIES AND SCIENCES. CASE STUDY OF GIERCZYN PARISH CHURCH
Pawelkowicz, S. Svorova; Witkowski, M.
Cultural studies address a wide range of phenomena. Among others, they deal with heritage research combining methodologies adopted in the sciences (chemistry, physics) and the humanities (art history, archival studies). Heritage studies give us a new insight into material history, history of economy, socio-economic topics and local community.
The example of Gierczyn (formerly Giehren) a small Silesian village in Poland, close to the Polish-Czech border, once part of the Kingdom of Bohemia (until 1740/42), Prussia (until 1918), and Germany (until 1945) offers a variety of possibilities for such an approach. The church in Gierczyn bears traces of its successive patrons, and reflects the local economic development and mining history of the region known for tin, cobalt and copper ores extraction, as well as for smalt production. Chemical analysis of painted decoration of the church helped to identify different construction phases, showing the socio-economic evolution of the area. Archival fonds and the local pastors sermons, where many names of people connected with the mining business appear, provided valuable information for studying the regional trade routes. The case study explores the possibilities of different methodologies, providing complementary information for a better understanding of material culture.