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THE DISPLACEMENT OF THE WOODEN CHURCH FROM THE TIMISENI VILLAGE: A JOURNEY BETWEEN GENERATIONS
Bora, I. S.; Bora, I.
In the current research, we analyse the displacement of the church from the village Timiseni to the Dimitrie Gusti National Village Museum (Bucharest) as being part of the environmental conflicts which resulted after the exploitation of coal in the Carboniferous Basin Rovinari.
The old community of free village people, called in the Romanian language Mosneni, from the village Timi?eni had been surviving over the centuries because they were placing all they had more precious, treasures and hopes for a better future in the wooden church, which made them more united and gave them the chance to believe in the survival of the community.
The political crisis and the natural calamities were passed with success, thanks to the community 's mobility; the ease with which they were moving with everything from the affected area in the free zone was pretty impressive.
The people were taking the church and their private belongings from their little houses crossing the mountains hiding in the forest until the danger was gone and after they came back to their old properties to sow them. The unwritten laws of the community, through which the unicity created between village and church had been kept for centuries as a warranty for the survival of the society and cultural values, were not functional during communism.
The exploitation of coal was changing the lifestyle of people, offering them a stable job and the opportunity to build houses from bricks. In return for welfare, the locals were forced to give up the land that they had inherited from their ancestors, to renounce to old customs, to faith and, in the end, to the church.
The division of the village was made by successive displacements using the force of the civil laws and by the suppression of the faith and of the role of the church in social wellness.
After the descendants of the old peasants were confused and spread in other living spaces and the ones that stayed were subjected to the pressure of the environmental pollution, the church remained alone, without defence against the bulldozers.
The displacement of the church was not destroying the village Timi?eni, it was conserving the symbol of the village from old times. Through its displacement, the wooden church from the village Timi?eni, with the patronage of St. Hierarch Nicholas, was saved and given back to the worshippers, open to the public that would be interested in finding out about the past of Romanian village in general and the village Timiseni in particular.