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DOI: 10.5593/sgemsocial2014/B12/S2.147

TOXIC WORKPLACES AS A FACTOR OF THE EMPLOYEES HEALTH DETERIORATION AND REDUCTION IN THE QUALITY OF WORK LIFE

A. Fedorova, Z. Dvorakova
Saturday 1 November 2014 by Libadmin2014

References: International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts SGEM2014, www.sgemsocial.org , SGEM2014 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-23-0/ ISSN 2367-5659, September 1-9, 2014, Book 1, Vol. 2, 1149-1156 pp

ABSTRACT
The classification system for the factors which make up a toxic workplace is based on previous research which was carried out on this issue. Some researchers state that organizational stress is affected by such factors as a toxic work environment, negative workload, isolation, types of hours worked, role conflict, role ambiguity, lack of autonomy, career development barriers, difficult relationships with administrators and/or co-workers, managerial bullying, harassment, and organizational climate. While others point out that some of the reasons for the decline in employees’ wellbeing emphasizing that toxic workplaces are characterized by relentless demands on workers, extreme pressure as well as managerial ruthlessness. Furthermore, the researchers believe that the current level of employee health deterioration and the attendant reduction in the quality of their lives is caused, in large part, by growing inequality in salaries and other benefits, workplace cliques, increasing uncertainty and job insecurity. This is important because even one toxic workplace, or intra-organisational environment, can cost hundreds of thousands of Euro in medical costs, absenteeism, lost productivity and profits, as well as costs arising from litigation initiated by those injured by the toxic workplace. This paper aims to highlight the various aspects of toxic workplaces, and to examine this phenomenon by means of a survey conducted by the authors. For the purposes of this study, the workplace atmospheres of Russian and Czech companies will be compared. The study will also propose some measures which are designed to lessen, or eliminate, the negative impact of toxic workplaces on the quality of employees’ life and health at work.

Keywords:
toxic workplace, physical and psychosocial health, health at work, quality of work life